Understanding The Types of Regenerative Farming Practices

NJ Landowner Blogs | 2024

Regenerative farming is an approach to agriculture that focuses on building soil health and enhancing ecosystem function, with the goal of creating a more sustainable and resilient food system. This approach involves a variety of techniques and practices that aim to improve the health and fertility of the soil, increase biodiversity, and reduce the use of synthetic inputs such as pesticides and fertilizers. Some common regenerative farming techniques and practices include:

1. Cover cropping: Cover cropping involves planting a non-marketable crop, such as
clover or rye, in between marketable crop rotations. This helps to improve soil health by
adding organic matter, suppressing weeds, and reducing erosion.

2. Reduced tillage: Conventional farming practices often involve frequent tillage, or the
mechanical manipulation of soil, which can lead to soil degradation and erosion.
Regenerative farming practices often involve reducing (or completely eliminating) tillage or using alternative tillage methods such as shallow cultivation or mulching, to minimize soil disturbance and improve soil structure.

3. Integrated pest management: Rather than relying on synthetic pesticides, regenerative farmers often use integrated pest management techniques, such as releasing beneficial insects or using natural pest repellents, to control pests and diseases.

4. Crop rotation: Crop rotation involves planting different crops in a specific order over
time, which can help to improve soil health and reduce the buildup of pests and

5. Composting: Composting involves the decomposition of organic matter, such as food scraps and yard waste, into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. Regenerative farmers often use compost to improve soil structure and fertility.

6. Pasture-based livestock management: Regenerative farmers often use pasture-based livestock management practices, such as rotational grazing, to improve soil health and enhance biodiversity. The North Jersey Resource Conservation and Development Council recently formed the Regenerative Farming Network that is worth checking out.

By incorporating these and other regenerative farming techniques and practices, farmers can improve the health and resilience of their land, while also producing high-quality, nutrient-dense food. New Jersey is uniquely situated like no other place in the Eastern United States, North America or the entire world for that matter. Within a half-days truck drive a farmer can reach markets from Boston to Washington DC (megalopolis) and a population of over 50 million consumers.

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